246. Documentation for Michael Witt Senior
(1744 to 1795)
father of Hester Witt
(1769 to 1834)


Download Adobe Acrobat File - 246. Michael Witt Senior - (The file has the following text plus images.)


[Note: Witt is German and pronounced Vit, similar to hit or pit.]

Michael Witt Senior was born about 1744.
(1) His family was of German origin.(2) Michael must have been married by 1769 when his first child, Esther, was born.(3) His wife's name was Mary at the time he made his will in 1790 in Guilford County, North Carolina.(4) We cannot be sure Mary was his first wife. Mary Witt was born about 1748 and died in 1800 in Guilford County, NC.(5)

Michael Witt Senior was living in Guilford County, North Carolina, in 1790.
(6) The Witt family probably lived within a few miles of the Friedens Lutheran Church which stands approximately two miles northwest of Gibsonville, North Carolina, not far from the Reedy Fork branch of the Haw River.(6A) This church was also known as Schumaker's.(7)

Michael Witt Senior appears in North Carolina Revolutionary War Pay Vouchers for the years 1779 - 1782.
(8) The "Micul Witt" voucher date is 20 November 1781 and the location is Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina. The event type is listed as military service on the voucher. Guilford and Rowan Counties were adjacent counties in 1780.(9)

Other men with a surname of Witt received similar pay vouchers at Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina, and perhaps these men were related to Michael Witt Senior.

There was a little known engagement during the American Revolution near Reedy Fork on 07 March 1781.
(10) The forces of Lt. General Charles, Lord Cornwallis attempted to attack the Light Corps under Colonel Otho Williams. The number of men engaged on each side of the contest is now known. It seems very possible that Michael Witt Senior may have been part of this engagement.

Michael Witt and his wife, Mary, were the parents of at least ten children, and all of the children probably were born in Guilford County, North Carolina.
(11) Three of the Witt daughters married into the Shoemaker family and one son and two daughters of the Witt family married into the Fall family. All of these families appear to be of German descent.

According to the will of Michael Witt, he and his wife, Mary, were the parents of:

i. Esther (Hester) Witt, probably the first child born to Michael and Mary Witt Senior, was born in 1769.(12) She married Jacob Goodner in late 1798 in Guilford County, North Carolina.(13) Hester died on 19 January 1834 at age 65.(14)

Jacob Goodner was the son of Peter Goodner and his wife, Mary (surname unknown, possibly Stark).
(15) Jacob was born about 1774 in Orange or Guilford Co., North Carolina.(16)

The Goodner family probably arrived in America between 1763 and 1774/5.
(17) Records in Guilford County and Orange County, North Carolina, indicate the only early identifiable Goodners in the 1700s were as follows: two John Goodners, a Peter Goodner, a Mary Goodner, two Walters, a Jacob, a Henry, and a Conrad.(18) The only Goodner household that appears in the 1790 United States census for North Carolina is that of Mary Goodner, who is assumed to be the widow of Peter.(19)

The Goodners, John Senior, son John, and son Peter, probably were living in Guilford County in 1784 in the Reedy Fork community.
(20) Conrad married into the Scherrer family that lived in the Reedy Fork community.(20A) Many from those families probably attended the Friedens Church which was within a few miles.

Jacob Goodner first acquired land in what later became Ohio County, Indiana, on 14 August 1816, shortly before Indiana became a state on 11 December of that same year.
(21) The land record indicates "Jacob Goodner of Kentucky." It certainly appears that Jacob and Hester Witt spent at least some period of time in Kentucky.

After the death of his first wife, Hester or Esther Witt, in 1834, Jacob then married second a Mary Ann Harwood on 30 August 1835 in Dearborn Co., IN.(22) His second wife apparently died within the next year or two as Jacob then married Zilpah Laforce, a widow, on 01 July 1838.(23) Jacob Goodner died 26 July 1839, a short time after his third marriage.(24) Zilpah (Laforce) Goodner then married a Dana Jacobs before May 1844.(25)

Michael Goodner, a son of Jacob Goodner and Hester Witt, married Catharine Conner on 19 December 1828 in Dearborn County, Indiana.(25A)

ii. Mary (Polly) Witt was born in North Carolina on 15 December 1774 and died at 8:00 AM 05 August 1845 in Gratis Township, Preble County, Ohio.(26) Mary (Polly) Witt married Christian Fall Junior.(27) Christian Fall Junior was born 12 February 1769 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died 02 October 1849 in Preble County, Ohio.(28)

Christian Fall Senior probably was born in Germany in the 1730s and probably died in the 1820s.(29) A land record from Christian Fall (Senior) to Christian Fall Junior for 200 acres was on the Reedy Fork of the Haw River. This deed was witnessed by Tetrarch Fall and Michael Witt.(30) The 1800 census shows Christian Fall Junior in the Salisbury District, Guilford County, North Carolina.(31)

Some of the Fall family moved to Ohio by the early 1800s. Ohio became a state on 19 February 1803. "Benjamin Fall came into Ohio from North Carolina, and settled in Gratis township. His father, Christian, was one of the first men in the county; he came in 1805."(32) "Another Preble Co. Hist - 'Christian Fall and son Benjamin; Nathan Hornaday and son Nathan came to Ohio from North Carolina 1803-1805. They brought their families with them. Preble Co organized 1808 had first been a part of Hamilton and later Montgomery counties.'"(33)

iii. John Daniel Witt was born in 1780.(34) He married Elizabeth Fall, a daughter of Christian Fall Senior.(35) Elizabeth Fall was born 13 October 1784.(36)

"Mrs. Elsie (Hunt) Mitchell of Liberty has the following baptismal certificate written in German script-'Elizabeth Fahl is born of Christian perents on the thirteenth of October in the year of Christ, seventeen hundred and eighty four. Her father and mother were Christian Fahl and Magdalena his lawful wife. The baptizers are Adam Wetze and Ann Margaret his wife.'"(37)

Five records of the Frieden's Church in Guilford County, North Carolina, identify John Daniel Witt and Elizabeth Fall Witt:(38)

i. Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--their son Georg born 24th Febuary 1805---Bapt 31st March 1805---sponsors were the parents

ii. Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--a daughter born 25th October 1808---named Solome--Bapt 5th Febuary 1809--sponsors were the parents

iii. Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--a son with the name Daniel baptized 22nd day Febuary 1807---He was born 24th day December 1806--sponsors were the parents

iv. Daniel Appel and his wife Barbarah---their daughter Elisabetha born on 22nd June 1804. Bapt 12th August 1804 sponsors were Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabetha

v. Adam Steder and his wife Elisabeth---a son born 29th June 1804----and baptized 26th August--same year and called Johannes---sponsors were Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth

John Daniel Witt and George Fall purchased land in Union County, Indiana, on 22 January 1828.(39) Elizabeth Fall Witt died 01 February 1836 aged 52 years.(40) John Daniel Witt died 28 September 1847 in Randolph County, Indiana, at age 67.(41) He is buried in Old Prospect Cemetery in Saratoga Township, Randolph County, Indiana.(42)

iv. Michael Witt Junior was born 1 January 1795 near Greensboro, NC.(43) We know he must have been born after 26 March 1790, the date his father, Michael Senior, made his will. He died 04 March 1862 in Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana.(44) Michael Junior married first in 1811 in Guilford County, NC, Susannah Wirrick (Wyrick).(45) She probably was born no earlier than about 1795.

Michael and Susannah Witt were listed as Communicants in the Friedens Church together in 1813.(47) Also in the Friedens Church records, "Michael Witt and his wife---their daughter Magdalena born 3rd September 1814 Bapt. 2nd October 1814 Sponsors were the parents."(48)

The 1820 federal census for Guilford County, North Carolina lists the Michael Witt family.(49) Michael Witt sold 75 acres of land September 25, 1826 in Guilford County to Polly Cunningham.(50) Also noted, he sold 28 acres of land to Reuben Climer in 1826, on Long Branch of Reedy Fork Creek adjoining Frumbanks and Mary Cunningham's land.(51) He moved to Union Co., Indiana near Liberty in the fall of 1826. Union County was organized February 1, 1821.(52)

The 1830 federal census for Union County, Indiana, lists the Michael Witt household as consisting of 1 male age 30 to 39, 1 female age 30 to 39, and 8 children of various ages.(53) A power of Attorney to George Shoemaker for Michael Witt and his wife, Susannah Wirick, dated August 1832 is on record in Union County, Indiana.(54) George may have been the son of Conrad Shoemaker Junior who was born about 1788 in Guilford County, NC. Susannah Wirrick Witt died 10 October 1832 in Boone County, IN.(56) Michael Witt Junior married second on 12 Nov 1835 in Boone County, IN, Rhuhama Blair.(57)

The 1840 federal census lists the Michael Witt family living in Boone County, Indiana.(58) The 1850 District 7, Boone County, Indiana, census lists Michael's age as 55 and his birthplace as North Carolina.(59) Rhuhama Witt is listed as age 49 and born in Kentucky. Both Michael and Rhuhama could read and write according to the census.

The 1860 census for Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana, lists Michael Witt as age 66 and born in North Carolina.(60) His occupation was that of a farmer and his real estate was valued at $1,000. His wife was listed as age 69 and born in Kentucky. Both Michael and Rhuhama could read and write according to the census record.

Michael Witt Junior died 03 March 1861 and is buried in the Cedar Hill Cemetery in Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana.(61) A stone marking the cemetery indicates the cemetery was founded in 1832 and abandoned in 1872. The markers were removed in 1954. "Over 500 citizens of early Lebanon including 32 war veterans sleep here."

A death certificate for Solomon Witt lists his date of birth as 12 February 1817 in Buncombe, North Carolina, and his date of death as 22 November 1902.(62) His father is listed as Michael Witt, birthplace unknown, his mother as Susanna Wirrick, birthplace unknown. The informant was John L. Pierce of Lebanon, Indiana.

A death certificate for Martin W. Witt, born 17 June 1829, died 06 December 1906, aged 77 years 5 months and 19 days, lists his father as Michael Witt born in North Carolina and his mother as Susan Warricks born in North Carolina.(63) The informant was a Leslie Witt, address in Lebanon, Indiana.

Three Michael Witt daughters Marry into the Shoemaker Family

The North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, page 494, Consolidated Index for 1975-1984, lists three daughters of Michael Witt under the Shoemaker listing. Those three are Jane Witt, Margaret Witt, and Rosanna Witt. The names of these daughters of Michael Witt appear in the will he made in 1790. No marriage record has been found for any of these three daughters of Michael Witt. However, the marriage of Rosanna Witt to Christian Shoemaker is confirmed by the biography of Cornelius Shoemaker, a son of Christian Shoemaker.(64)

An inquiry that appeared in the May 1979 NCGS Journal, was by Mrs. Bryan L. Davis of Australia and indicated the following: Conrad Shoemaker Junior married Jane Witt, his brother Christian married Rosanna Witt, and brother Daniel married Anna Margaret Witt. Based on the records we have found, we cannot prove the marriage of Daniel and Anna Margaret nor the marriage of Conrad and Jane. However, the marriages appear to have been very likely.

v. Jane (Christina Jean) Witt was probably born about 1782 in Guilford County, North Carolina.(65) She married Conrad Shoemaker Junior.(66) Conrad was born in the 1770s, probably in Guilford County, NC. He was the son of Conrad Shoemaker Senior and his wife Susanna Youngman who came from Oley, Pennsylvania, to North Carolina about 1770.(67)

The 1840 census for Boone County, Indiana, lists Conrad Shoemaker as age 60 thru 69.(68) Therefore, he was born between 1771 and 1780. Jane (Witt) Shoemaker is listed as age 50 to 59. Therefore, she was born between 1781 and 1790.

Conrad Shoemaker died 11 October 1843 in Center Township, Boone County, Indiana. He was buried in the Beck Cemetery.(69) The will was witnessed by Josiah C. Lane and John Witt.

Listed as Jane Shoemaker in the 1850 census for District 7, Boone County, IN, living with her son.(70) Jane is listed as age 64 and born in North Carolina. Michael is listed as age 34 and Nancy, Michael's wife is listed as age 33 and born in Tennessee.

Listed with her son Michael in the 1856 Iowa census for Harrison, Benton, Iowa, as Jane Shoemaker, widowed, age 74, born in North Carolina.(71) Michael's wife is named Nancy and she was 38.(72) Michael is age 40 and born in North Carolina.

1860 census for Harrison, Benson, Iowa, living with son Michael.(73) Her age is given as 86. She died 31 August 1866 in Harrison Township, Benton County, Iowa.(74) 1870 census for Harrison, Benson, Iowa, not listed with her daughter-in-law, Nancy, who is listed as widowed.(75)

The conflict in the various census records regarding the year of birth of Jane Witt can be summarized as follows:
1850 census - age 64, thus born about 1786
1856 census - age 74, thus born about 1782
1860 census - age 86, thus born about 1774

vi. Anna Margaret Witt was born 27 December 1784 in Guilford County, NC.(76) Anna Margaret Witt married a Daniel Shoemaker about 1803.(77) Daniel Shoemaker was born 27 April 1775 in Guilford County, NC.(78)

Daniel Shoemaker assigned to Christian Shrock on 13 July 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section five in township six in range three east of the meridian line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River.(79) Daniel Shoemaker household in the 1820 census lists 1 male 45 and over, 1 female age 26 thru 44, and 7 children.(80)

Daniel Shoemaker Senior died in 1830 in Randolph County, Indiana, before the census was taken that year.(81) A Daniel Shoemaker household is listed in the 1830 Greensfork Township, Randolph County, Indiana, census, perhaps a son of Daniel and Anna Margaret (Witt) Shoemaker.(82)

The Margaret Shoemaker household appears in the 1830 census for Greensfork Township, Randolph County, Indiana, with 2 males age 20 thru 29, 1 female age 40 thru 49, and 6 children under age 20.(83) Anna Margaret Witt Shoemaker remarried in November 1833 to a Daniel Williams in Wayne County, Indiana.(84) Margaret died in 1848 in Randolph County, Indiana.(85)

vii. Rosannah (or Rosanna) Witt was born 31 March 1786.(86) Rosann Witt married Christian Shoemaker, probably in North Carolina and perhaps around 1805.(87) Christian Shoemaker was born 16 January 1779.(88)

Christian and Rosanna must have moved to Preble County, Ohio, with some of their Witt, Fall, and Shoemaker related families. Christian Shoemaker assigned to Abraham Pansler on 06 May 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section fourteen in township eight in range one east of the Meridian Line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River.(89) Cornelius Shoemaker, a son of Christian and Rosanna, was born 21 February 1815 in Preble County, Ohio.(90)

Cornelius Shoemaker and his parents moved to Marion County, Indiana, sometime after his before and before 1820. Christian Shoemaker appears in the 1820 U.S. census for Jackson township, Preble County, Ohio. (1 male age 26 to 44, 1 female age 26 thru 44, and 7 children.(91)

Christian Shoemaker died 29 October 1823 in Marion County, Indiana.(92) Rosanna (Witt) Shoemaker married a Samuel Snodgrass on 13 June 1828 in Marion County, Indiana. (93)

Cornelius Shoemaker, son of Christian and Rosanna, married a Sophia Smith on 28 December 1837 in Bartholomew County, Indiana.(94) It would seem likely that Rosanna was still living in Indiana when her son, Cornelius, married there. Bartholmew County, where her son Cornelius married, is somewhat south of Marion County and not far north of Scott County, Indiana.

Cornelius Shoemaker, son of Rosanna, appears in the 1850 Harlem Township, Carroll County, Illinois, census, age 35, born in Ohio, wife Sophia age 37 born in Vermont, and his mother, Rosanna (Witt) Snodgrass, age 67 born in North Carolina.(95) Rosanna (Witt) (Shoemaker) Snodgrass died 15 March 1857 in Carroll County, Illinois, in the home of her son, Cornelius.(96)

viii. Rachel Witt has not been identified conclusively in any records other than the will of her father, Michael Witt Senior.(97)

ix. Catren Witt probably was born about 1775 in Guilford County, North Carolina. She married John Tetrarch (Tetrick) Fall, probably in March 1794 in Guilford County.(98)

"In 1794 in Guilford Co North Carolina, Christian Fall, Sr deeded land of 250 acres on Reedy Fork Creek of Haw River bordering Brown line to John Tetrarch Fall. The witnesses were Christian Fall, Jr and Mial (Michael?) Witt. In this same year Christian Fall, Sr deeded land at the same location to Christian Fall, Jr with Michael Witt and Tetrarch Fall being the witnesses."(99)

"In 1800 in Guilford Co North Carolina Deed Book 7 p 369, Tetrarch Fall sold to William King a tract of land of 250 acres on Reedy Ford of Haw River bordering John Fall's Land. This seems to be the land that was deeded to Tetrarch by Christian Fall, Sr in 1794."(100)

Tetrach Fall appears in the Indiana Territory Census of 1807.(101) This must be John Tetrarch Fall, probably born 1773 or earlier, a son of Christian Fall Senior and a brother of Christian Fall Junior.

Dearborn County was formed on 07 March 1803. Switzerland County was formed from part of Dearborn County in 1814. Dearborn County gained land from Jefferson County but lost land to the newly created Switzerland County at this time. Ohio County, Indiana, was not formed until 1844.(102)

Tetreck Fall of Dearborn County, IN, purchased on 26 June 1818 the southeast quarter of section 21 in township four North and range two west of the Meridian line of the Great Miami River which was located in Dearborn County, Indiana.(103)

Tetrick Falls is listed in the 1820 Ross Township, Switzerland County, IN, census, enumerated 07 August 1820, with 1 male 45 and over, 1 female age 45 and over, and 8 children.(104) A George Swisher is listed on the same 1820 census page.

A Jacob Swisher of Preble County, Ohio, purchased land on 20 April 1826 in Vermillion County, Indiana, the east half of the southwest half, section 21, township 19 north, range 9 west.(105)

A Tetrarch Fall, age 65, born in North Carolina, is living in Jefferson Township, Preble County, Ohio, in 1860.(106) He was a son of Christian Fall Junior. He died 12 January 1861 and is buried in the Old North New Paris Cemetery in New Paris, Preble County, Ohio.(107) This Tetrank Fall was living in Preble County, Ohio, in 1820.(108)

x. Mary Witt married a Roland Wedon.(109) If we assume she was at least 17 years of age when she married, then she would have been born by at least 1779.

Roland Weeden appears to have lived in Franklin County, Georgia, from about 1803 to 1819 according to Georgia Compiled Census records.(110) Roland Weeden appears in a number of Franklin County, Georgia tax lists from 1801 to 1811.(111)

A Price Russum married an Elizabeth Weden on 04 June 1798 in Guilford County, NC.(112) Elizabeth may have been a sister of Roland Weden.(113)

Children (
Witt) all born in Guilford County, North Carolina
i. Hester, born 1769
ii. Mary (Polly), born 1774
iii. Catren (Catherine), born 1775
iv. Mary, born 1778
v. John Daniel, born 1780
vi. Jane (Christina Jean), born 1782
vii. Anna Margaret, born 1784
viii. Rosannah (Rosanna), born 1786
ix. Michael, born 1795
x. Rachel, born unknown


ORIGINAL SOURCE MATERIAL to support the RELATIONSHIP between
MICHAEL WITT SENIOR and his daughter HESTER WITT


1) Will of Michael Witt, Guilford County, North Carolina, made 26 March 1790, probated November 1795. The will names his children as daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Esther, Jean, Margaret, Rosannah, and Rachel and he names one son, John. He also indicates that his wife, Mary, is pregnant.

2) Guilford County, North Carolina, Marriage Bonds include records for the following children of Michael Witt Senior and his wife, Mary:

i. Hester Witt married Jacob Goodner. Ester Wite, Jacob Goodnor, 25 November 1798, Image #008841, Bond #000055683, Record #01 168, Bondsman - George Swisher, Witness - Alex Gray.

ii. Mary Witt married Roland Wedon. Mary Wite, Roland Wedon, 15 September 1796, bondsman - Frances Swisher, witness - Alex Gray Record #03 472, bond #000060772

Two Witt sisters married into the Fall family as confirmed by North Carolina, Guilford County, Marriage Bonds:

See Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, by Grace Fall Curtis (Mrs. Glenn Curtis), printed by The Mercer Co., Ottumwa, Iowa, 1961, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

iii. Polly Witt married Christian Fall. Polly Witt, Christian Fall, 27 March 1792, page 135, Bondsman and Witness - Martin Wirick.

iv. Catren Witt married John Tetrarch (Tetrick) Fall. Catren Wite, Frederack Fall, page 135, bond date - 27 March 1798, Event Type - Bond, Bondsman and Witness - Jacob Swisher.

4) John Daniel Witt was born in 1780 and he married Elizabeth Fall, a daughter of Christian Fall Senior. Elizabeth was a brother of Christian Fall and Tetrarch Fall. (Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336 and pages 539-540, "Mrs. Elsie Hunt Mitchell of Liberty has the following baptismal certificate written in German script - 'Elizabeth Fahl is born of Christian parents on the thirteenth of October in the year of Christ, seventeen hundred and eighty four. Her father and mother are Christian Fahl and Magdalena his lawful wife. The baptizers are Adam Wetze and Anna Margaret his wife'.")

5) Michael Witt Junior married first in 1811 in Guilford County, NC, a Susannah Wirrick (Wyrick). (Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 541)

6) Three daughters of Michael Witt Senior and his wife, Mary, married into the Shoemaker family. The Shoemakers were all sons of Conrad Shoemaker Senior and Susannah Youngman who came to Guilford County about 1770:

i. Jane (Jean) Witt, probably born about 1782, married Conrad Shoemaker. No marriage record has been found. However, the will of Conrod Shoemaker identifies his wife as Jane and the will was witnessed by a John Witt. (Indiana Wills and Probate Records 1798-1999, Conrod Shoemaker, Made 10 July 1843, Probate Date - 16 March 1844, Probate Place - Boone, Indiana, Inferred Death Year - Abt 1843, Will Record, Volume A, 1833-1853) The will was witnessed by Josiah C. Lane and John Witt. A John Witt also appeared before the Clerk of the Probate Court and signed the probate record. He may have been John Daniel Witt, a brother of Jane Witt and the husband of Elizabeth Fall, who died 28 September 1847 in Randolph County, Indiana.

ii. Anna Margaret Witt married Daniel Shoemaker. No marriage record has been found. She was born 27 Dec 1784 in Guilford County, NC. She died in 1848 in Randolph County, Indiana. Daniel Shoemaker, born 27 April 1775 in Guilford County, NC and died about 1830 in Randolph County, IN. Anna Margaret (Witt) Shoemaker married second, a Daniel Williams, in 1833. (Indiana Marriage Index 1806-1861, Margaret (widow) Shoemaker, Daniel Williams, November 1833, Wayne County, IN) (Indiana State Library Genealogy Database: Marriages through 1850)

iii. Rosannah (or Rosanna) Witt married Christian Shoemaker. Rosanna was born 31 March 1786 and Christian Shoemaker was born 16 January 1779. (Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825, Biography of Cornelius Shoemaker)

6) Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, 521 Locust St., Marshall, Illinois. "Hester Goodner died January 19th 1834 age 65 years." Therefore, Hester was born in 1769. "Jacob Goodner died July 26 1839 age 65 years." Michael Goodner, a son of Jacob Goodner and Hester Witt, married Catharine Conner on 19 December 1828 in Dearborn County, Indiana.

7) The Goodner family : a genealogical history : with a brief history of the family of Jacob Daniel Scherrer and notes on other Allied Families by Hubert Wesley Lacey, Dayton, Ohio, 1960, page 56.

8) Switzerland Co., Indiana, Final Settlement Page - "John Goodner administrator of Jacob Goodner deceased would respectfully represent to the Court of Probate of said County, that the heirs of Jacob Goodner deceased are as follows: John Goodner your petitioner, Mary Ricketts, Catharine Pate, Michael Goodner, Daniel Goodner, Jackson Goodner, Rachael Conner, Margaret Conner, William Goodner, and Elizabeth Sprague and Sarah Conner and Zilpha Jacobs, widow of Jacob Goodner deceased."

9) Switzerland County, Indiana Probate Order Book C May 1844 Term, page 34. "Estate of Jacob Goodner, deceased. John Goodner, administrator de bonis non. Dana Jacobs and Zilpa Jacobs, his wife, late Zilpa Goodner, widow. Mary Rickets late Mary Goodner, daughter. Citation."

10) See Jacob Goodner, a son of Michael Goodner, biography for confirmation the family originally came from Germany through North Carolina and Kentucky. Jacob was born in Switzerland County, Indiana, on 30 August 1832. History of Allen and Woodson Counties, Kansas, Edited and Compiled by L. Wallace Duncan and Chas. F. Scott, Iola, Kansas, Iola Register, Printers and Binders, 1901, pages 569 and 570.

11) John Goodner may have been the first child of Jacob and Hester (Witt) Goodner. John was born in 1800 in North Carolina and died on 14 October 1852. He married Jane Latta on 09 November 1826 in Dearborn Co., IN. (Indiana Marriages 1810-2001, John Goodner, Jane Latta, Marriage Registration, 7 November 1826, Dearborn Co., Indiana, page 22, FHL Film Number 000209855) The 1850 Division 2, Ohio County, Indiana Federal Census shows John Goodner as age 50 and born in North Carolina. Jane Goodner, probably the widow of John Goodner, quitclaimed a deed to Daniel Conner on 28 January 1853 in Switzerland County, Indiana.(The Goodner Family, page 358)

12) Most of the above Fall, Witt, Shoemaker, and Goodner families moved to counties near the Indiana and Ohio state line during the period from about 1803 to 1820 and they can be identified there in census and land records for that time period.

REFERENCES

1) According to some undocumented sources on Ancestry.com.

2) Some Ancestry.com family trees have indicated his place of birth may have been Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, by Grace Fall Curtis (Mrs. Glenn Curtis), printed by The Mercer Co., Ottumwa, Iowa, 1961, pages 9, 13, 33, and 298, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

3) Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, 521 Locust St., Marshall, Illinois. "Hester Goodner died January 19th 1834 age 65 years." Therefore, Hester was born in 1769.

4) Mary's surname has not been proven conclusively. Some Fall and Witt family descendants contend she was Mary Boone, a daughter of Samuel Boone who was a brother of the famous Daniel Boone. See APPENDIX H for a clarification of the Boone - Fall - Witt family connection.; "1770 Guilford County was created 5 December 1770 from Orange and Rowan Counties, but it did not start administration of its territory until 1 April 1771, so no Guilford records exist before that date." See www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Guilford_County,_North_Carolina_Genealogy

5) No documentation available for either her birth or death date. Her first child that we know of was born in 1769 so she may have been in her late teens or early twenties at that time. The 1800 U. S. Census for Salisbury, Guilford County, North Carolina, lists a Mary Whitt age 26 thru 44. The family has 1 male age 10 thru 15, 2 females under 10, 3 females age 10 thru 15. Michael Witt Junior would have been about five years old in 1800. Two girls under age 10 in 1800 would not seem to match the Michael Witt Senior girls. Therefore, it seems doubtful this census record is for the widow and children of Michael Witt Senior. Mary Witt may have been dead by the time of the 1800 census. Michael Witt Junior was living in Guilford County, NC, at the time of the 1820 census and it would make sense if his mother, Mary, was living in Guilford County in 1800 and later if she was still alive.

6) 1790 U. S. census for Guilford County, North Carolina, Michal Witt, 10 males under age 16, 1 male 16 and over, 1 female, total in household 12. Certainly the 10 males under age 16 was incorrect. According to his will, made in 1790, he was the father of 6 girls and 1 boy.

6A) Michael Witt Senior sold 28 acres of land to Reuben Climer in 1826, on the Long Branch of Reedy Fork Creek adjoining Frumbanks and Mary Cunningham's land, Guilford Co., NC, land records, Book 18, Page 433, consideration 157, see Guilford County, NC, Register of Deeds - Online Records System, Old Index Books, 1771-1921, Witt Grantors,
http://rdlxweb.co.guilford.nc.us/oldIndexes/oldindexsearch.php?datekey=1771-1921

7) Historic Sketch of the Reformed Church in North Carolina, by a Board of Editors Under the Classis of North Carolina, Reformed Church in the United States. Classes. North Carolina, Clapp, J.C. (Jacob Crawford), 1832-ED, Wentworth Press (August 26, 2016), page 145.

8) "North Carolina Revolutionary Pay Vouchers, 1779-1782," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q2WT-PQXG : accessed 7 February 2018), Micul Witt, 20 Nov 1781; citing Salisbury, Rowan, North Carolina, United States, State Archives of North Carolina, Raleigh; Daughters of the American Revolution National Number 868569, Phyllis Marie Hinkle Hale, Ancestor #: A131367, Associated Ancestor: Michael Witt, Service: North Carolina, Birth: (circa) 1745, Death: (ante) 11-1795, Guilford Co. North Carolina, Service Source: Accts of the US with NC, Rev War, Bk A, P 87, Roll #S.115.45; NC Rev War Pay Vouchers, #107, Roll #S.115.135, Service: Furnished Supplies.

9) http://www.ncgenweb.us/richmond/map.htm, North Carolina county map at the beginning of 1780.

10) www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/revolution_reedy_fork.html

11) North Carolina Wills and Probate Records 1665-1998, Michael Witt, made 26 March 1790, probated November 1795, Guilford County, case number 0391, item description: Wills, Vol A-B, 1771-1838, ancestry.com.

12) Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, 521 Locust St., Marshall, Illinois. "Hester Goodner died January 19th 1834 age 65 years." Therefore, Hester was born in 1769.

13) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, by Grace Fall Curtis (Mrs. Glenn Curtis), printed by The Mercer Co., Ottumwa, Iowa, 1961, pages 540-1, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt; North Carolina Marriage Bonds 1741 - 2011, Jacob Goodner, Ester Wite, 25 Nov 1798, bond #000055683, image #008841, Guilford County, record #01 168, bondsman - George Swisher, witness - Alex Gray, signed by Jacob Goodner and George Swisher, ancestry.com.

14) Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, 521 Locust St., Marshall, Illinois. "Hester Goodner died January 19th 1834 age 65 years"; A daughter of Jacob and Hester Witt Goodner was named Mary, undoubtedly after Hester Witt's mother. This Mary Goodner married John Ricketts. They had a daughter they named Esther Ann Ricketts who was born 20 September 1819 in Dearborn Co., IN. This granddaughter of Jacob and Hester Goodner undoubtedly was named after Esther or Hester Witt. She married Aaron Betzer on 22 February 1843 in Vermillion Co., IN. She died 04 February 1911 in Cherokee Co., Kansas. She is buried in Star Cemetery, Cherokee Co., Kansas, ancestry.com.

15) The Goodner Family : a genealogical history : with a brief history of the family of Jacob Daniel Scherrer and notes on other Allied Families by Hubert Wesley Lacey, Dayton, Ohio, 1960, page 56, ancestry.com; see APPENDIX G - Jacob Goodner, a Son of Michael Goodner, for confirmation the family originally came from Germany through North Carolina and Kentucky.

16) The Goodner Family, page 56, ancestry.com; Daughters of the American Revolution, National Number 647927, Aldine White Inman, Ancestor #A046499, Peter Goodner, through his son Jacob Goodner and Hester White, wife of Jacob; see APPENDIX G - Jacob Goodner, a Son of Michael Goodner, for confirmation the family originally came from Germany through North Carolina and Kentucky; Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, Marshall, Illinois.

17) The Goodner Family, page 116, ancestry.com.

18) The Goodner Family, page 6, ancestry.com

19) 1790 United States Census, Guilford County, North Carolina, Mary Goodner, 3 males under age 16, 3 females, 6 total household members, ancestry.com.

20) The Goodner Family, pages 13 and 14, ancestry.com. John Goodner junior received two grants for land situated on the waters of Reedy Creek in Guilford County. This farm was located near the property of Mary Goodner. John Junior and his wife, Annie, were both deceased by 1796 and their only heir, son Walter, disposed of property owned by them that stated he was "the son and heir of John Goodner, deceased." The property sold was located in Orange County on the waters of Travis Creek according to the deed.

20A) The Goodner Family, page 116, ancestry.com.

21) Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records, Jacob Goodner (of Kentucky), 14 August 1816, Ohio County, Indiana, 1st Prime Meridian, Township 3 North, Range 1 West, SouthWest Quarter, Section 19, 160 acres. Dearborn County was formed on 07 March 1803. Switzerland County was formed from part of Dearborn County in 1814. Dearborn County gained land from Jefferson County but lost land to the newly created Switzerland County at this time. Ohio County, Indiana, was not formed until 1844, see History of Dearborn and Ohio Counties, Indiana, from Their Earliest Settlement, Chicago: F.E. Weakley & Co. Publishers, 1885, page 438, Jacob Goodner.

22) The Goodner Family, page 58, ancestry.com; Indiana Marriages 1810-2001, ancestry.com, Jacob Goodner, Mary Ann Harwood, 29 Aug 1835, Marriage Registration, Indiana, page 48, FHL Film #001313295; Indiana State Library, Indiana Marriages through 1850, Jacob Goodner, Mary Ann Harwood, Dearborn County, no date given.

23) The Goodner Family, page 58, ancestry.com; Indiana Marriage Index 1806-1861, ancestry.com, Jacob Goodner, (Mrs) Ziepah Leforce, Switzerland Co., IN, 29 June 1838; Indiana State Library, Indiana Marriages through 1850, Jacob Goodner, (Mrs.) Ziepah Leforce, 29 June 1838, Switzerland County.

24) The Goodner Family, page 58, ancestry.com; Switzerland Co., IN, Probate Order Book May 1839 Term, page 53 - "John Goodner and Simpson Pate, administrator of Jacob Goodner, deceased, filed bond. James McHenry, security"; Switzerland Co., Indiana, Final Settlement Page - "John Goodner administrator of Jacob Goodner deceased would respectfully represent to the Court of Probate of said County, that the heirs of Jacob Goodner deceased are as follows: John Goodner your petitioner, Mary Ricketts, Catharine Pate, Michael Goodner, Daniel Goodner, Jackson Goodner, Rachael Conner, Margaret Conner, William Goodner, and Elizabeth Sprague and Sarah Conner and Zilpha Jacobs, widow of Jacob Goodner deceased." Conner Family Bible, Clark County Genealogical Society, Marshall, Illinois. See APPENDX D and APPENDIX E.

25) The Switzerland Co., IN, Final Settlement Page lists "Zilpha Jacobs, widow of Jacob Goodner deceased"; Switzerland Co., IN, Probate Order Book May 1844 Term, page 149, "Dana Jacobs and Zilpa Jacobs, his wife, late Zilpa Goodner, widow"; Indiana State Library, Indiana Marriages through 1850, Zilpha Goodner, Dana Jacobs, 30 April 1840, Switzerland County.

25A) Indiana Compiled Marriages 1802-1850, Michael Goodner, Catherine Conner, 24 December 1828, Dearborn County, ancestry.com.

26) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 11, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

27) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 540, ancestry.com; North Carolina Marriage Records 1741 - 2011, Guilford County Marriage Bonds, page 135, Christian Fall, Polly Witt, 27 March 1792, Bondsman and Witness - Martin Wirick, ancestry.com.

28) Fall Family, page 11, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

29) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 10, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

30) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 11. See Daughters of the American Revolution National Number 868569, Phyllis Marie Hinkle Hale, descendant of Michael Witt, Ancestor #131367, through his Mary (Poly) Witt, who married Christian Fall Junior. The application for this D.A.R. membership lists the will of Michael Witt, which names his daughters without identifying any of them by other than a first name. The application indicates two children of Christian Fall Senior married into the Witt family. Mary Witt with Christian Junior and John Daniel Witt with Elizabeth Fall. The application includes several pages from the Fahl - Fall and Allied Families by Mrs. Glenn Curtis and published by The Mercer Co. in Ottumwa, Iowa in 1961. Guilford Co., NC, land records, 1794, Book 5, page 554, see Guilford County, NC, Register of Deeds - Online Records System, Old Index Books, 1771-1921, Fall Grantees, consideration 200£,
https://publicrecords.netronline.com/state/NC/county/guilford/

31) The 1800 census shows Christian Fall Junior in the Salisbury District, Guilford County, North Carolina, one male between ages of 26 and 45 years, 1 male 10-16 years, 2 males under 10, 1 female age 26 to 45 years, and three females under age 10, ancestry.com.

32) History of Preble County, Ohio, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches, H. Z. Williams & Bro., Publishers, 1881, page 187.

33) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 12, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

34) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

35) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336 and pages 539-540, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

36) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336 and pages 539-540, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

37) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336 and pages 539-540, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

38) Reeves, Henry. Frieden [sic] Lutheran Church Book 1800-1853. Friedens Lutheran Church (Guilford County, North Carolina): 1900-1981, pages 1, 18, 23, and 33.

39) Bureau of Land Management, Patents, John Witt, George Fall, 22 January 1828, the southwest quarter, section 30, township 12 north, range 1 west, Union County, Indiana, John Witt, assignee of George Fall, https://glorecords.blm.gov/results/default.aspx?searchCriteria=type=patent|st=IN|cty=161|ln=Witt|sp=true|sw=true|sadv=false

40) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt, Findagrave.com; Memorial ID 35811039, Richland Cemetery, Brownsville, Union, Indiana.

41) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 336, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt, Bible of his daughter, Sarah Witt Snyder.

42) Findagrave.com, Memorial ID 34649182, tombstone photograph included.

43) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 541, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

44) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 541, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

45) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 541, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt. A Martin Wirick was the bondsman and witness to the Christian Fall Junior and Mary (Polly) Witt, Guilford County, marriage bond of 27 March 1792.

47) Reeves, Henry. Frieden [sic] Lutheran Church Book 1800-1853. Friedens Lutheran Church (Guilford County, North Carolina): 1900-1981, page 2.

48) Reeves, Henry. Frieden [sic] Lutheran Church Book 1800-1853. Friedens Lutheran Church (Guilford County, North Carolina): 1900-1981, page 2.

49) 1820 U.S. census, Guilford County, North Carolina, Michael Witt household, enumerated 07 August 1820, 1 male age 26 thru 44, 1 female age 26 thru 44, and 4 children all under age 10.

50) To complete - book 18, page 248.

Per Mrs. Bryan L. Davis, Blackburn, Victoria 3130, Australia. See North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal article by Beth Shoemaker Davis, Volume 42, Issue 2, May 2016, A North Carolinian Dies "Down Under."

51) To complete - book 18, page 433.

51A) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 541, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt.

52) http://ucplibrary.org/union-county/

53) 1830 U.S. census, Union County, Indiana, 1 male age 30 thru 39,1 females age 30-39, 8 children various ages under 20; The following Witt family marriages occurred in Union County and are believed to be children of Michael Witt. The following data is from the Indiana State Library Genealogy Database: Marriages through 1850; Confirmed in Fahl - Fall and Allied Familes, page 337:
i. Esther Snider married a George Witt on 2 May 1827 in Union County, Indiana.
ii. Sarah Witt married a Simon Snider on 28 February 1828 in Union County, Indiana.
iii. Daniel Witt married a Catharine Witt on 22 April 1837 in Union County, Indiana.

54) Union County, Indiana, government records.

56) Ancestry.com, Whipkey Family Tree, 10 February 2018.

57) Indiana Marriage Collection 1800-1941, Michael Witt, Rhuhama Blair, 12 November 1835, Boone County. Also listed in the Indiana State Library, Indiana Marriages Through 1850.

58) 1840 U.S. census, Boone County, Indiana, Michael Witt, 1 male age 40 thru 49, 1 female age 30 thru 39, 6 children under 20 years of age.

59) 1850 U. S. census, District 7, Boone County, Indiana, family 358, Michael Witt age 55 born about 1795 in North Carolina, Rhuhama Witt age 49 born about 1801 in Kentucky, Martin Witt age 22 born about 1828 in Indiana, Rebecca M. Witt age 12 born about 1838 in Indiana, Silas M. Witt age 8 born about 1842 in Indiana.

60) 1860 U. S. census, Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana, Michael Wtt age 66 born about 1794 in North Carolina, dwelling 23, family number 21, farmer, real estate value $1,000, Personal Estate value $500.

61) FindaGrave.com, Michael Witt Junior, birth 04 March 1795, death 03 March 1861, Cedar Hill Cemetery, Lebanon, Boone County, Indiana, Memorial ID 35206979.

62) Death certificate for Solomon Witt lists his date of birth as 12 February 1817 in Buncombe, North Carolina, and his date of death as 22 November 1902 at Lebanon, Indiana Works Progress Administration, Book R-19, Page 17, ancestry.com.

63) Death certificate for Martin W. Witt, born 17 June 1829 in Indiana, died 06 December 1906 in Center, Boone County, Indiana, father Michael Witt, mother Susan Witt, spouse Susan Witt, ancestry.com.

64) See Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825, Cornelius Shoemaker biography. "There the father, Christian Shoemaker, died, Octx\. 29, 1823. He was born Jan. 16, 1779. He married Miss Rosanna Witt, who was born March 31, 1786."

65) Ancestry.com, True/White Family Tree, 10 February 2018, Conrad Shoemaker Junior married Christina Jane Witt. The 1840 census indicates Christina Jane Witt was born in the 1780s.

66) Ancestry.com, True/White Family Tree, 10 February 2018, Conrad Shoemaker Junior married Christina Jane Witt. The 1840 census indicates Conrad was born in the 1770s.

67) North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Volume 33, Issue 2, page 160, May 2007, Some Berks County, Pennsylvania, Families in North Carolina by Robert Scott Davis:

i. Deed Book B1, page 439, Conrad Shoemaker, late of Oley now of North Carolina, and Susanna, a daughter of J. Dietrich Youngman, dec'd. April 6, 1767/March 7, 1774.

ii.
Deed Book 5, page 185. Conrad Shoemaker and Susanna about to move to another province. July 18, 1765.

68) 1840 U.S. census, Boone County, Indiana, Conrad Shoemaker household, 1 male age 60 thru 69, 1 female age 50 thru 59, 3 others in household under age 29.

69) Indiana Wills and Probate Records 1798-1999, Conrod Shoemaker, Made 10 July 1843, Probate Date - 16 March 1844, Probate Place - Boone, Indiana, Inferred Death Year - Abt 1843, Will Record, Volume A, 1833-1853. The will was witnessed by Josiah C. Lane and John Witt.

70) 1850 census for District 7, Boone County, Indiana, Jane Shoemaker, age 64, born about 1786, born in North Carolina, Family Number 724; Michael Shoemaker age 34 and and Nancy Shoemaker age 33.

71) 1856 Iowa census for Harrison, Benton, Iowa, Jane Shoemaker, age 74, born in North Carolina, widowed; Michael Shoemaker age 40 and Nancy Shoemaker age 38.

72) Indiana Marriages 1810 - 2001, Michael Shoemaker, Nancy Rimington, Boone County, 03 January 1842, page 181, FHL Film Number 001320110.

73) 1860 census for Harrison, Benson, Iowa, Jane Shoemaker, age 86, born in North Carolina, Post Office - Burk, dwelling #65, family #65. Michael Shoemaker age 44 and born in North Carolina, Nancy Shoemaker age 43 and born in Tennessee.

74) Ancestry.com, family tree name not recorded. Jane Witt Shoemaker must have died sometime in the 1860s as she is not found in the 1870 census records.

75) 1870 census for Harrison, Benton County, Iowa, Nancy Shoemaker, age 49. Michael and Jane Shoemaker are not listed in the census. Findagrave.com, Michael Shoemaker, date of death 18 February 1864, Urbana Cemetery, Urbana, Benton County, Iowa, tombstone shows date of death as February 16, 1864. His middle initial on his tombstone is W", possibly indicating his mother's maiden name of Witt; Fold3.com, Civil War Pension record is for a Michael Shoemaker, Private, Company A, 37th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, date of filing 1864, Widow application #47,509, certificate #47,110; Fold3.com, a widow's claim for half-pay pension was filed on 25 February 1864, by Nancy Shoemaker. The document gives Michael Shoemaker's date of death as 16 February 1864, place of death - Rock Island, Illinois, cause of death - typhoid fever; Findagrave.com, Mary Jane Shoemaker Dudgeon was born in May 1843 in Boone County, Indiana, and died 13 November 1902 in Vinton, Benton County, Iowa. She was the wife of John Dudgeon and the daughter of Michael and Nancy Shoemaker.

76) Ancestry.com, Geren Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Anna Margaret Shoemaker, citing Findagrave.com.

77) May 1979 North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Mrs. Bryan L. Davis of Australia; The Guilford Genealogist, 1983, Frieden's Church records show that Daniel Shoemaker and Anna Margaret Shoemaker were the parents of twins born in 1804.

78) Findagrave.com Memorial ID #144577764, Daniel Shoemaker, born 27 April 1775 in Guilford County, North Carolina, date of death - 1830, place of death - Randolph County, Indiana, cemetery - unknown, spouse - Anna Margaret Shoemaker, child - Joseph Shoemaker; Ancestry.com, Geren Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Daniel Shoemaker.

79) Bureau of Land Management - Patents, Daniel Shoemaker assigned to Christian Shrock on 13 July 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section five in township six in range three east of the meridian line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River.

80) 1820 U.S. census for Wayne Township, Randolph County, Indiana, enumerated 07 August 1820, Daniel Shoemaker household, 1 male 45 and over, 1 female age 26 thru 44, 7 children under age 15, Ancestry.com.

81) Ancestry.com, Geren Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Daniel Shoemaker.

82) 1830 U. S. census for Greensfork, Randolph County, Indiana, 1 male listed as age 20 thru 29 years of age and 1 female listed as age 15 thru 19 years of age.

83) 1830 U. S. census, Greensfork Township, Randolph County, Indiana, 1 female age 40 thru 49, 5 children ages less than 20, 2 males age 20 thru 29.

84) Indiana Marriage Index 1806-1861, Margaret (widow) Shoemaker, Daniel Williams, November 1833, Wayne County, IN; Indiana State Library Genealogy Database: Marriages through 1850.

85) Ancestry.com, Geren Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Anna Margaret Witt.

86) Ancestry.com, Hall Minter Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Rosanna Witt Shoemaker.

87) This marriage is confirmed by the biography of Cornelius Shoemaker. See Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825 Cornelius Shoemaker biography; also see, May 1979 North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Mrs. Bryan L. Davis of Australia.

88) Ancestry.com, Hall Minter Family Tree, 12 February 2018, Rosanna Witt Shoemaker.

89) Bureau of Land Management, Patents, Christian Shoemaker assigned to Abraham Pansler on 06 May 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section fourteen in township eight in range one east of the Meridian Line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River.

90) Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825, biography of Cornelius Shoemaker.

91) 1820 U. S. census Jackson, Preble County, Ohio, enumerated 07 August 1820, 1 male age 26 thru 44, 1 female age 26 thru 44, 7 children under age 16.

92) Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825, biography of Cornelius Shoemaker.

93) Indiana Select Marriages Index 1748 - 1993, Rosanna Shoemaker, 13 June 1828, Marion County, Indiana, Samuel Snodgrass, FHL Film Number 499367, #1, page 71.

94) Indiana State Library, Genealogy Database, Marriages through 1850, Cornelius Shoemaker, Sophia Smith, Bartholomew County, 28 December 1827.

95) 1850 U. S. census, Harlem, Carroll County, Illinois, Corenelius Shoemaker, age 35, born in Ohio, Sophia Shoemaker, age 37, born in Vermont.

96) Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825, biography of Cornelius Shoemaker.

97) Will of Michael Witt, Guilford County, North Carolina, made 26 March 1790, probated November 1795, Vol A-B, 1771-1838, ancestry.com. The will names his children as daughters Mary, Elizabeth, Esther, Jean, Margaret, Rosannah, and Rachel and he names one son, John. He also indicates that his wife, Mary, is pregnant.

98) FamilySearch.org, North Carolina County Marriages 1762 - 1979, Guilford County, 27 March 1794, Catren Wite, Tetrack Fall, Bondsman and witness - Jacob Swisher; Ancestory.com, Abstracts of North Carolina Marriage Bonds 1772 - 1868, Guilford County, page 135, Frederack Fall, bond date 27 March 1798, Guilford, NC, Catren Wite, bondsman and witness - Jacob Swisher; See the Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, pages 239 and 552, for a discussion of Tetrarch Fall, Christian Fall Junior's brother.

99) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 239, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

100) Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, page 239, https://archive.org/details/fahlfallalliedfa00curt

101) 1807 Indiana Territory Census, Dearborn County, Fall, Tetrach; Dearborn County [(1807-1811) (Also known as the Gore Area)] included an area from Fort Recovery, Ohio, Southwest to Madison, Indiana. Which included all or part of Wayne, Franklin, Union, Fayette, Dearborn, Ohio, Rush and Switzerland Counties, http://www.ingenweb.org/indearborn/Pages/census_index.shtml.

102) History of Dearborn and Ohio Counties, Indiana, Weakley & Company, 1885.

103) Bureau of Land Management, Patents, Tetreck Fall of Dearborn County, IN, purchased on 26 June 1818 the southeast quarter of section 21 in township four North and range two west of the Meridian line of the Great Miami River which was located in Dearborn County, Indiana.

104) 1820 Ross Township, Switzerland County, IN, census, enumerated 07 August 1820, Tetrick Falls.

105) Jacob Swisher of Preble County, Ohio, purchased land on 20 April 1826 in Vermillion County, Indiana, the east half of the southwest half, section 21, township 19 north, range 9 west. He may have been the Jacob Swisher who was a bondsman and witness to the marriage bond of Catren Wite and Tetrack Fall.

106) 1860 U.S. census, Jefferson, Preble County, Ohio, age 65, born in North Carolina, Post Office - New Paris, dwelling #1245, family #1197, occupation - Minister Arr M, real estate value $3,000, personal estate value $1,000.

107) Findagrave.com, Memorial ID #36943608, Tetrarch Fall, born 06 June 1793, North Carolina, death 12 January 1861, burial: Old North New Paris Cemetery, New Paris, Preble County, Ohio.

108) 1820 U. S. census, Gratis, Preble County, Ohio, Tetrank Fall, enumberated 07 August 1820, 1 male age 16 thru 25, 1 female age 16 thru 25, 1 male under age 10, 2 females under age 10.

109) North Carolina Marriage Records 1741 - 2011, Guilford County, Roland Wedon, Mary Wite, 15 September 1796, bondsman - Frances Swisher, witness - Alex Gray Record #03 472, bond #000060772, Ancestry.com; an Ancestry.com Family Tree indicates Roland Oliver Weeden was born in 1735 in Annapolis, Anne Arundel, MD, and died in 1822 in Franklin County, Georgia.

110) Georgia Census 1790 - 1890, Rawlen Weedon, Franklin County, Georgia, Tax List 1819, page 117l Georgia Census 1790 - 1890, Roland Weeden, Franklin County, Georgia, Tax List 1808, page 01; There was an Elizabeth Weden who married a Price Russum on 04 June 1798 in Guilford County, NC; Georgia Census 1790 - 1890, Price Russom, Franklin County, GA, Tax List; Historical collections of the Georgia chapters, D.A.R., Volume I, page 287, Index of will book "B" 1848-1867, 1801 - Edmund Taylor of Jackson Co., (?to?) Rolen Weedon.

111) Ancestry.com, Georgia Property Tax Digests 1793-1893, page 017, Roland Woodin, Franklin County, Tax List 1811; page 006, Rolen Weeden, Franklin County, Georgia Tax List 1805, Captain Griffith District Rolen Weden, Franklin County, Tax List 1807, Rolen Weden, Franklin County, GA, Tax List 1801; a Roling Weadon is listed in the Captain Burtons District of Franklin County, Georgia in 1820.

112) North Carolina Marriage Records 1741-2011, Price Russum, Elizabeth Weden, 04 June 1798, Guilford County, North Carolina, event type - bond, Ancestry.com.

113) Ancestry.com, Price Russom, Franklin County Tax List 1808, Price Russum Franklin County Tax List 1811, Price Russom, 4 Regiment (Booth's) Georgia Militia, Private, U.S. War of 1812 Service Records 1812-1815, Roll Box 65, Microfilm Publication M602; an Ancestry.com Family Tree indicates John Price Russom was born 21 December 1767 in Dorchester County, MD, and died in 1816 in Madison County, Georgia.

APPENDIX A

THE WILL of MICHAEL WITT

Made 26 March 1790 - Probated November 1795


I, Michael Witt of Guilford Co. and State of N.C. being of sound mind and memory, blessed be God for the same, do this twenty-sixth day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety, do make, or ordain and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say:

First of all I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife, Mary, the one third of all my estate both personal and real and she at her death is to leave all her said third part to the children to be divided among them equally.

I give an bequeath to my daughter, Mary, twelve pounds in money and one cow.

I give and bequeath to my daughters Elizabeth, Esther, Jean, Margaret, Rosannah and Rachel each twelve pounds in money and one cow.

I give and bequeath to my son John all my plantation and if it should or does be a boy that my wife now is big with, when it is born I order and allow him and John to have the land equally divided between them and if it should be a girl, she is to have a share equal to the rest above. Also my will and pleasure is that if any of the above named children should die in their young age I order and allow the part of such child either under age or before marriage to be equally divided among the rest.

I order and allow all my lawful and just debts to be paid out of my estate before any of the above dividends are made.

And my body at my decease I order and desire it shall be buried in Christian and decent manner, not doubting but I shall receive the same against the resurrection by the Mighty Power of God.

I hereby constitute, make and ordain my wife, Mary, Executor of this my last will and testament, revoking disannulling all former wills, legacies, bequeathments and testaments of whatsoever kind made in my name or for me, and do publish and pronounce this and no other to be my last will and testament in the presence of us who were at the signing and sealing of the same.

In witness where of I, the said Michael Witt have this my last will and testament set my hand and seal the year and day above written.

Signed Michael Witt. (Seal)

Witness present Andrew Smith (Jurat) Jacob Briery

State of North Carolina November term 1795 Guilford County

The execution of the within will was proven in open court by the oath of Andrew Smith, one of the subscribing witnesses thereto, and on motion let it be recorded. Test. John Hamilton CC


APPENDIX B

FRIEDENS CHURCH RECORDS

GUILFORD COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA


Some of the births of the children of Michael Witt Jr. and John Witt are recorded in the 1800-1853 Records at Friedens Lutheran in Guilford County North Carolina (spelling is as found)

BIRTHS

Page 2; Michael Witt and his wife---their daughter Magtalena born 3rd September 1814 Bapt. 2nd October 1814 Sponsors were the parents

Page 18; Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--their son Georg born 24th Febuary 1805---Bapt 31st March 1805---sponsors were the parents

Page 18; Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--a daughter born 25th October 1808---named Solome--Bapt 5th Febuary 1809--sponsors were the parents

Page 23; Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth--a son with the name Daniel baptized 22nd day Febuary 1807---He was born 24th day December 1806--sponsors were the parents

OTHER CHURCH RECORDS SPONSORSHIPS

Page 1; Daniel Appel and his wife Barbarah---their daughter Elisabetha born on 22nd June 1804. Bapt 12th August 1804 sponsors were Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabetha

Page 33; Adam Steder and his wife Elisabeth---a son born 29th June 1804----and baptized 26th August--same year and called Johannes---sponsors were Johannes Witt and his wife Elisabeth


APPENDIX C

Fall Genealogy Related to Witt Genealogy

Fahl - Fall and Allied Families, by Grace Fall Curtis, printed by The Mercer Co., Ottumwa, Iowa, 1961.


George Fall was born 1789, the son of Christian Fall Senior and his third wife, whom he probably married in 1788.(page 11). See page 382 for information on George Fall, son of Christian Fall Sr.

Elizabeth "Betsy" Fall b. ca 1800 Guilford Co NC d. ? aft 1850 ? Carroll Co MO m. Jesse Blue. Elizabeth "Betsy" Fall, m. in Dearborn or Switzerland Co IN ca. 1812 to Jesse Blue[b. ca 1787 Hampshire Co VA].

Catherine "Katie" Fall b. Jul 6, 1799 Guilford Co NC d. aft Aug 24, 1850 Dearborn Co IN m. Pate/ Williams. C Bird Pate in Dearborn Co IN by 1810.

Rebecca "Becky" Fall, m. in ?Switzerland Co IN c1818 to John Blue [1797KY-?bet 1850-60 ?Ralls Co MO]. John mvd from KY to Dearborn Co IN.

Margaret Fall, m. in Dearborn Co IN on Jul 24, 1827 to Malan/Mahlon Finley.

1803 Ohio Co IN, 1844 Ohio Co formed from Dearborn, which was formed 1803 from Clark), Tetrick Fall bought land in Ohio Co IN on Jun 1, 1803 (part in Dearborn Co) from Dan Crume then sold the same property back to Dan Crume on Dec 12, 1809; then he bought land in Dearborn Co on Aug 21, 1812 (part of property was in Ohio Co) --writer thinks this last transaction was a homestead since no other name is listed in transaction.

1807 Dearborn Co Indiana Territory cen. Tetrach Folle is resident no. 170 in the 1807 Dearborn Co cen

1812-1819 Dearborn Co IN. Tetrick Fall sec 21 twp 4__ ran 2W,

1812-1819 owned land; neighbors: Daniel Crume sec 21, 1810-19; Wm Sperry or Spencer sec 22, 1812-1819; Wm Blue se

APPENDIX D

JACOB GOODNER PROBATE PAPERS

State of Indiana
Switzerland County


John Goodner administrator of Jacob Goodner deceased would respectfully ?represent? to the Court of Probate of said county, that the heirs of Jacob Goodner deceased are as follows John Goodner your petitioner Mary Ricketts, Catharine Pate, Michael Goodner, Daniel Goodner, Jackson Goodner, Rachael Conner, Margaret Conner, William Goodner and Elizabeth ?Lisiagre and Sarah Conner and Zilpha Jacobs widow of Jacob Goodner deceased that he is not advised of the exact amount by him re'd or paid out for said estate, but exhibits receipts from No. 1 to 5 amounting to $38.50 that he has heretofore exhibited to this court two reports in which he claimed credits & was allowed the sum of $16.00 & $50.53, being in all the sum of $99.03 - Said ?? would show that he has made settlement with all the heirs & auditing? Of said estate & has ?heirs receipts in full which he now deposits in court for all of said estate except the notes ?given? by James Pollock & James Murray all dated March 24, 1837 one for $600 one for $700 & one for $800, which notes cannot be collected as the makers thereof are insolvent & which he now returns to this court for the ?benefit of future heirs - He now says the costs of ?? ?$8144? & ?prays to be allowed for thirty days by him ? as ? ?? (over)

APPENDIX E

Switzerland County, Indiana Probate Order Book Abstracts 1837-1849

Jacob Goodner Estate


"Estate of Jacob Goodner, deceased. John Goodner, administrator de bonis non. Dana Jacobs and Zilpa Jacobs, his wife, late Zilpa Goodner, widow. Mary Rickets late Mary Goodner, daughter. Citation." Page 34, Switzerland County, Indiana Probate Order Book C May 1844 Term.

E-mail received from Tina Lyons, author of Switzerland County, Indiana Probate Order Book Abstracts 1837-1849, Fort Wayne, Indiana 2017:

"The page that you attached does not appear to come from the official probate books. It looks like it may be a report made by the administrator to the court and filed with other loose papers in the probate packet. The top part of the page "State of Indiana, Switzerland County, SS" states where the paper was written. The official books tend to start with "Estate of so and so." The packets are stored in the basement of the Switzerland County Courthouse and are organized by the first letter of the surname. Multiple drawers may need to be searched to locate the correct packet.

I unfortunately live too far away from Vevay to make regular research trips. You may contact the Switzerland County Historical Society (http://www.switzcomuseums.org) to see if they can recommend a local researcher."

Switzerland County, Indiana Probate Order Book Abstracts 1837-1849, compiled by Tina Lyons, Fort Wayne, Indiana 2017 lists the following pages that mention Jacob Goodner: POB B 1837-1841, Jacob Goodner Estate, Page 191, 192, 221, 243, 276, 286, 293, 351, 377, 396, 418, 475, 496, and 542. Also, POB B 1841-1849 Jacob Goodner Estate, pages 14, 24, 43, 191, 338, 356, and 397.


APPENDIX F

JACOB GOODNER CENSUS RECORDS



Jacob Goodner first appears in the 1801 Franklin Co., Kentucky early census index. He would have been about 25 years old at the time and married to Hester Witt.

The 1810 U.S. Census for Gallatin Township, Gallatin County, Kentucky lists the Jacob Goodner family as follows:

2 males under 10 - this should be John, age 10; Michael, age 3
1 male 26 thru 44 - this should be Jacob, age 34
3 females under 10 - this should be Mary, age 9; Catherine, age 6; and one female name unknown
1 female 26 thru 44 - this should Hester, age 41

The 1820 U.S. Census for Randolph Township, Dearborn County, Indiana lists the Jacob Goodner family as follows:

1 male under 10 - this should be
2 males 10 thru 15 - this should be
1 male 16 thru 25 -
1 male 26 thru 44 -
3 females under 10 - this should be
1 female 10 thru 15 -
1 female 26 thru 44 -

The 1830 U.S. Census for Randolph Township, Dearborn County, Indiana lists the Jacob Goodner family as follows:

1 male under 10 - this should be
2 males 10 thru 15 - this should be
1 male 16 thru 25 -
1 male 26 thru 44 -
3 females under 10 - this should be
1 female 10 thru 15 -
1 female 26 thru 44 -

APPENDIX G

Jacob Goodner, a Son of Michael Goodner

from History of Allen and Woodson Counties, Kansas

Edited and Compiled by L. Wallace Duncan and Chas. F. Scott
Iola, Kansas, Iola Register, Printers and Binders, 1901


Pages 569 and 570 - Jacob Goodner

JACOB GOODNER whose residence in Allen county has been productive of much material prosperity to himself and whose location upon the old Perkins tract in Iola is a matter of general information to the old settlers of the city dates his residence in the county from the year 1880. He succeeded W. J. Ihrig in the ownership of his farm on Elm creek and has continued the occupation of his fathers to this day. Mr. Goodner emigrated from Saint Cloud, Minnesota, to Kansas but settled in the north in 1861 as an emigrant from Vermillion County, Illinois.

He was born in Switzerland County, Indiana, August 30, 1832. His father, Michael Goodner, was a farmer and one of the pioneers to that wonderful foreign community in southern Indiana. The latter was born in Kentucky in 1808 and died in Stearns County, Minnesota, September 29, 1889. He settled in Minnesota in 1862 and was a quiet and unobtrusive farmer whose ambition was to do right and rear his family to respectability. His wife, nee Catherine Connor, died in Vermillion County, Illinois. Their children were: Daniel, deceased; Jackson, of Stearns County, Minnesota, and David Goodner, of the same point; Margaret, wife of Eli Hoskins, of Stearns County; Henry Goodner, of Edgar County, Illinois; Nancy, wife of Henry Casert, of Oregon, and Jacob Goodner.

Jacob Goodner went into Vermillion County, Illinois, in infancy with his parents. He learned to do the work of the farm effectually and successfully. Although his family is one of the ancient ones in the United States it came out of Germany and settled along the Atlantic coast and came to Kentucky through North Carolina. This fact of sturdy origin gives our subject a title to special traits of industry and it is these qualities which have in a measure marked him through life.

Mr. Goodner was married in Vermillion County, Illinois, to Maria Clark. She died in Iola in 1885, without issue. In 1887 Mr. Goodner married Catherine, a daughter of Samuel Bloom. The children of this marriage are: Clarence, Fern, Fayette, Elmer and Lillie Goodner.

Mr. Goodner became a Republican in 1856 and a Populist in 1892. He sold the site of the Michigan Portland Cement Company to that company in 1899 and has been benefitted in other ways by the discovery of gas at Iola.

APPENDIX H

Preble County, Ohio, Connection

Preble County, Ohio, was formed on 15 February 1808
from portions of Butler and Montgomery County.
[Preble County, Ohio, joins Wayne and Union Counties in Indiana]


1. Mary (Polly) Witt died at 8:00 AM 05 August 1845 in Gratis Township, Preble County, Ohio. (ETQ) (The Fall Family, page 11.) Christian died 02 October 1849 in Preble County, Ohio. (RYE) (The Fall Family, page 11, Guilford Co., NC land records, 1794, Book 5, page 554.)

2. Daniel Shoemaker assigned to Christian Shrock on 13 July 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section five in township six in range three east of the meridian line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River. (Bureau of Land Management - Patents)

3. Christian Shoemaker assigned to Abraham Pansler on 06 May 1819 in Preble County, Ohio, the southeast quarter of section fourteen in township eight in range one east of the Meridian Line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami River.

Christian Shoemaker was listed in the 1820 U.S. census for Jackson township, Preble County, Ohio. (1 male age 26 to 44, 1 female age 26 thru 44, and 7 children.

Cornelius Shoemaker, son of Christian and Rosanna, was born 21 February 1815 in Preble County, Ohio. He and his parents moved to Marion County, Indiana. (Portrait and Biographical Album, Jo Daviess and Carroll Counties, Illinois, Chicago, Chapman Brothers 1889, page 825)

4. A Jacob Swisher of Preble County, Ohio, purchased land on 20 April 1826 in Vermillion County, Indiana, the east half of the southwest half, section 21, township 19 north, range 9 west.

A Jacob Swisher was listed in Twin Township, Preble County, Ohio, on the 07 August 1820 enumeration of the census.

5. A Tetrarch Fall, age 65, born in North Carolina, is living in Jefferson Township, Preble County, Ohio, in 1860. This must be a son of the Tetrarch Fall that married Catherine Witt.

Tetrank Fall appears in the Gratis Township, Preble County, Ohio, census enumerated 07 August 1820. 1 male aged 16 thru 25, 1 female aged 16 thru 25, 1 child under 10.

6. Benjamin Fall appears in the Gratis Township, Preble County, Ohio, census enumerated 07 August 1820. 1 male age 16 thru 25, 1 female age 16 thru 25.

7. Christian Fall appears in the Gratis Township, Preble County, Ohio, census enumerated 07 August 1820. 1 male age 45 and over, 1 female age 45 and over, 3 children. This should be Christian Fall Junior and his wife, Mary Polly Witt.

8. 1820 Tetrarch Fall living in Switzerland County, Indiana.

9. Jacob Goodner and his wife, Hester Witt, living in Randolph Township, Dearborn County, Indiana.

10. 1820 census lists Jacob Ricketts and Mary Goodner living in Randolph Township, Dearborn County, Indiana.